Genoa is the capital of Liguria and the sixth largest city in Italy, with a population of 600,000 within its administrative limits on a land area of 240 km2. Genoa, which forms the southern corner of the Milan-Turin-Genoa industrial triangle of north-west Italy, is one of the country’s major economic centres.

Genoa is currently part of the Genoa Smart City initiative, which is aimed at improving the city quality of life through the sustainable economic development based on research and technology guided by the Municipality in a project of integrated planning; it also signed the Green Digital Charter at the end of 2009 to encourage cities to reduce the carbon footprint of their ICT and roll-out ICT solutions which lead to more energy efficiency in areas such as buildings, transport and energy; and has an SEAP (Action plan for sustainable energy), which will CO2 emissions by 23% in 10 years by increasing the use of public transportation, the use of renewable energies and by reducing energy consumption.

The project will examine a test site within Genoa city that covers an area of 60km2.  The area is located in downtown Genoa, in a district with dense buildings including two high schools, a sports centre with a pool, the police headquarters, a number of private residential dwellings and the Galliera hospital.  The Galliera hospital is formed by a number of buildings across the site, totalling 110,000m2 of Gross Floor Area.  Also included with the Hospital buildings is a Historical Building built at the end of 19th century.  Currently it is not compliant to a modern hospital concept and as such, the municipality has started an ambitious renovating project of the site with the aim of minimizing energy consumption through designing a Green Hospital in line with the Green Guide for Health Care.

Data available from the site includes metred information from the buildings belonging to the Ospedale Galliera, ordinance survey information from the surrounding neighbourhood and information with respect to the building typologies. Further to this, the existing hospital buildings will be mapped by BIM tools by using the Industry Foundation Class (IFC) format, which will be imported directly to the Virtual City Model. The project in addition will collect the necessary information to create a GIS of the area to be used with ESRI’s ArcGIS platform and lidar information to create the CityEngine model to be used with the Virtual City Model.  Existing Renewables available on the site include photovoltaic panels for electricity, water solar panels to produce warm water and energy riser systems to re-use the heating generated by technological and diagnostic medical machines (TAC, RM, PET-TC, LINAC); the relevant information from these systems is available for integration with the VCM. Furthermore, the existing buildings include an installed a CHP station which will be updated to include the latest of the state of the art CHP technologies for neighbourhood energy systems.
The VCM will be used to provide the decision support with respect to what technologies should be integrated to help reduce energy consumption and what renewable technologies would be most appropriate for the region and the building typologies.  Modelling of the electricity grid will be performed in order to provide decision support with respect to the infrastructure improvements that are required so that the new Galliera buildings can optimise the heating distribution to the hospital facilities and corresponding neighbourhoods facilities, such as two high-schools, a sport centre with a pool, offices and private houses; this is one of the main aims of the current development plans for the area.  The algorithms will be applied here to ensure local balancing and optimization of energy and cost across these buildings.  Recommendations for the CHP upgrade and its optimisation will also be specifically provided.  All information relating to the hospital buildings is provided by project partner and public authority EOG.  Other information relating to the neighbourhood surrounding area will be made available through the support of Genoa Municipality.